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Asthma is a chronic disease affecting the airways that carry air to and from your lungs. It is the condition in which your airways narrow and swell up and produce extra mucus. For some people, asthma is a minor and others, it can be a major problem that affects daily activities and may lead to severe asthma attack.

Common Symptoms

Asthma symptoms include:

  • Coughing
  • Wheezing
  • Chest tightness
  • Breathing problems

Symptoms are usually worse at night and in the early morning or in response to exercise or cold air. Asthma attack can be triggered by allergens, exercise, and pollution smoke or airways infections. Asthma can’t be cured, but its symptoms can be controlled. Asthma can be controlled with good treatment and proper management.

Major Cause of Asthma

Asthma is caused by environmental and genetic factors. These factors influence both its severity and its responsiveness to treatment. It is believed that the recent increased rates of asthma are due to changing epigenetic and living environment.

Intensity of Asthma Attack

Asthma attacks can be mild, moderate, severe and very severe.  An asthma attack does allow enough air to get into the lungs, but it does not let the carbon dioxide leave the lungs at a fast enough rate. Carbon dioxide – poisonous if not expelled – can build up in the lungs during a protracted attack, lowering the amount of oxygen getting into your bloodstream.

During an Asthma attack, muscles around airways squeeze up, narrowing the airway. Less air is able to flow through the airway. Inflammation of the airways increases, further narrowing the airway. More mucus is produced in the airways, undermining the flow of air even more.

 In some asthma attacks, the airways are blocked such that oxygen fails to enter the lungs. This also prevents oxygen from entering the blood stream and traveling to the body’s essential organs. Asthma attacks of this type can be serious, and the patient may require urgent hospitalization.

Some figures about Asthma

Asthma affects people of all ages, but it most often starts during childhood. In the United States, more than 22 million people are known to have asthma. Nearly 6 million of these people are children .In the last decade, the number of people with asthma increased by 15 percent. In children, boys are more likely to develop asthma than girls, but in adults, women are more likely than men. WHO estimates show that about 235 million people are currently suffered from asthma. The asthma attack becomes severe at old age and special care is being required.

Effective Asthma control

If you suffer from asthma you should see your doctor. The doctor will help you find out what initiate your asthma symptoms and how to avoid them. You will also be prescribed medications which will help you manage your asthma. These medications are usually taken via inhaler. With experience and with the help of doctor asthmatic person learn to avoid things that infect airways and triggers asthma. Proper medication can control asthma. Effective asthma control allows you to take part in normal daily life activities.