Bones are the most important part of our body that support our body so bones are like the pillars in our body and provides a frame to our body. Bones also play a very important role in movement. They protect our brain, heart, and other organs from injury.
Composition of Bones
Our bones also store minerals such as calcium and phosphorous, which help to maintain our bones strong, so bone health is very essential. The health of our bones is instrumental to our health and long life in general. Our bones can become weak and even break due to poor diet and not doing right kind of exercise. Broken bones can be painful and sometimes need surgery. They can also cause long-lasting health problem.
Regular exercise is necessary for bones. Exercise makes the muscles flexible, strong and gives power to the arms, the trunk and the legs and keeps quite a few problems of the bones away. Obesity should be avoided through diet control as well as through regular exercise.
The following steps can help you improve your bone health and avoid any kind of bone problem or diseases.
- Well-balanced diet rich in calcium and vitamin D.
- Proper Exercise
- Healthy lifestyle
- Talk to your doctor about your bone health
- Avoid falls.
Problems of Bones
There are many problems regarding bones but osteoporosis is very common diseases now a days. Osteoporosis means “porous bone.” Osteoporosis, or thinning bones, can result in painful fractures. People with osteoporosis most often break bones in the wrist, spine, and hip. Studies suggest that approximately one in two women and up to one in four men age 50 and older will break a bone due to osteoporosis.
Factors of osteoporosis
Factors that cause osteoporosis include aging, being female, low body weight, low sex hormones or menopause, smoking, and some medications. Prevention and treatment include calcium and vitamin D, exercise, and osteoporosis medications.
Symptoms of Osteoporosis
Since osteoporosis does not have any symptoms until a bone breaks, it is important to talk to your doctor about your bone health. If your doctor feels that you are at risk for osteoporosis, he or she suggests a bone density test which measures density of your bones are and whether you have osteoporosis.
Prevention of Osteoporosis
There are medicines to help avoid and treat osteoporosis. Your doctor may want you to take medicine if your bone density test shows that your bones are weak and that you have a good chance of breaking a bone in the future. Your doctor is more likely to order medicine if you have other health concerns that increase your risk for breaking a bone, such as a tendency to fall or a low body weight. As well as good diet, low weight and proper exercise also prevent this disease. As Osteoporosis is very common in old age and there is difficulty in movement so proper home and health care is very important that can be provided by assistance of home care providers or skilled and professional nursing staff for the convenience of your loved ones.